To (the Preposition)
The Quick Answer"To" is used in expressions like "to the park," "to the postman," and "agree to a proposal." (The word "to" in these examples is a preposition.)
"To" As a PrepositionThere is sometimes confusion over the words "to" and "too." The word "to" has two uses. The one covered on this page is its use as a preposition.
All the uses of "too" and "to" are shown in the lesson the difference between "to" and "too.
Using "to" as a preposition is extremely common. Using "too" as a preposition is serious grammar mistake.
Examples of "To" as a Preposition
- Alan gave the box to me. ("To" shows the relationship between the words "gave," "box," and "me.")
- Please return the slips to the secretary.
- I must say I find television very educational. The minute somebody turns it on, I go to the library and read a good book. (Comedian Groucho Marx)
- They should send all of them too the moon.
- Is that the diamond you gave too your cousin?
"To" Is Not Always a PrepositionThe word "to" is also used as the sign of the infinitive. This means it appears before a verb to show the verb is in its basic form. For example:
- I want to run.
- It is important to think. (In these examples, the word "to" is not a preposition.)
- I refuse to join any club that would have me as a member. (Groucho Marx) (Here, "to" is not a preposition.)
- Next time I see you, remind me not to talk to you. (Groucho Marx) (Here, the first "to" marks an infinitive verb, but the second one is a preposition.)