The Verb "Thrive" in English

by Craig Shrives

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Conjugation of "To Thrive"

The verb "thrive" is an irregular verb. (This means that "thrive" does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form.)

The Five Forms of "To Thrive"

FormthriveAlternative Name
Base FormthriveInfinitive Form
The -S FormthrivesThird Person Singular Form
Past Formthrove (also thrived)Simple Past Tense
The -ING FormthrivingPresent Participle Form
The Past Participle Formthriven (also thrived)[no alternative name]

"To Thrive" in All the Tenses

The tables below show how "thrive" conjugates in the past, present, and future tenses.

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • throve (also thrived)
  • throve (also thrived)
  • throve (also thrived)
  • throve (also thrived)
  • throve (also thrived)
  • throve (also thrived)
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was thriving
  • were thriving
  • was thriving
  • were thriving
  • were thriving
  • were thriving
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had thriven (also thrived)
  • had thriven (also thrived)
  • had thriven (also thrived)
  • had thriven (also thrived)
  • had thriven (also thrived)
  • had thriven (also thrived)
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been thriving
  • had been thriving
  • had been thriving
  • had been thriving
  • had been thriving
  • had been thriving
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • thrive
  • thrive
  • thrives
  • thrive
  • thrive
  • thrive
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am thriving
  • are thriving
  • is thriving
  • are thriving
  • are thriving
  • are thriving
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have thriven (also thrived)
  • have thriven (also thrived)
  • has thriven (also thrived)
  • have thriven (also thrived)
  • have thriven (also thrived)
  • have thriven (also thrived)
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been thriving
  • have been thriving
  • has been thriving
  • have been thriving
  • have been thriving
  • have been thriving
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will thrive
  • will thrive
  • will thrive
  • will thrive
  • will thrive
  • will thrive
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be thriving
  • will be thriving
  • will be thriving
  • will be thriving
  • will be thriving
  • will be thriving
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have thriven (also thrived)
  • will have thriven (also thrived)
  • will have thriven (also thrived)
  • will have thriven (also thrived)
  • will have thriven (also thrived)
  • will have thriven (also thrived)
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been thriving
  • will have been thriving
  • will have been thriving
  • will have been thriving
  • will have been thriving
  • will have been thriving
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

Most Common Irregular Verbs

The two most common irregular verbs in English are "be" and "have." These pages give more details about these two verbs: Here are the next 10 most common irregular verbs in English:

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See Also

How to improve your spelling The most commonly misspelled words in English Top 10 spelling rules in English Parts of Speech Lists 200 Important Irregular Verbs Role-Play Scenarios for English Learners

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