The Verb "Shake" in English

by Craig Shrives

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Conjugation of "To Shake"

The verb "shake" is an irregular verb. (This means that "shake" does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form.)

The Five Forms of "To Shake"

FormshakeAlternative Name
Base FormshakeInfinitive Form
The -S FormshakesThird Person Singular Form
Past FormshookSimple Past Tense
The -ING FormshakingPresent Participle Form
The Past Participle Formshaken[no alternative name]

"To Shake" in All the Tenses

The tables below show how "shake" conjugates in the past, present, and future tenses.

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • shook
  • shook
  • shook
  • shook
  • shook
  • shook
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was shaking
  • were shaking
  • was shaking
  • were shaking
  • were shaking
  • were shaking
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had shaken
  • had shaken
  • had shaken
  • had shaken
  • had shaken
  • had shaken
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been shaking
  • had been shaking
  • had been shaking
  • had been shaking
  • had been shaking
  • had been shaking
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • shake
  • shake
  • shakes
  • shake
  • shake
  • shake
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am shaking
  • are shaking
  • is shaking
  • are shaking
  • are shaking
  • are shaking
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have shaken
  • have shaken
  • has shaken
  • have shaken
  • have shaken
  • have shaken
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been shaking
  • have been shaking
  • has been shaking
  • have been shaking
  • have been shaking
  • have been shaking
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will shake
  • will shake
  • will shake
  • will shake
  • will shake
  • will shake
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be shaking
  • will be shaking
  • will be shaking
  • will be shaking
  • will be shaking
  • will be shaking
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have shaken
  • will have shaken
  • will have shaken
  • will have shaken
  • will have shaken
  • will have shaken
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been shaking
  • will have been shaking
  • will have been shaking
  • will have been shaking
  • will have been shaking
  • will have been shaking
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

Most Common Irregular Verbs

The two most common irregular verbs in English are "be" and "have." These pages give more details about these two verbs: Here are the next 10 most common irregular verbs in English:

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See Also

How to improve your spelling The most commonly misspelled words in English Top 10 spelling rules in English Parts of Speech Lists 200 Important Irregular Verbs Role-Play Scenarios for English Learners

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