Perfect Progressive Tenses

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What Are the Perfect Progressive Tenses? (with Examples)

The perfect progressive tense is a category of verb tense used to mark the end of an ongoing action. It covers the past perfect progressive tense, the present prefect progressive tense, and the future perfect progressive tense.

Of note, the past perfect progressive tense and the future perfect progressive tense are used to mark the end of an ongoing action. However, present perfect progressive tense is used for actions that began in the past and continue into the present. 

Examples of Verbs in the Perfect Progressive Tense

Here are some examples of verbs in the perfect progressive tense:

The Past Perfect Progressive Tense.
  • I had been going.
  • He had been seeing.
The Present Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I have been going.
  • He has been seeing.
The Future Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I will have been going.
  • He will have been seeing.

Slider Showing Verbs in the Perfect Progressive Tenses

The following slider shows all 12 tenses. The perfect progressive tenses (i.e., those in the perfect progressive aspect) are highlighted with a yellow background.

Examples of Verbs in the Perfect Progressive Tenses

The perfect progressive tenses are recognizable by the word "have" (in one of its forms), "been," and a present participle (i.e., the word that ends "-ing"). Here are some examples of verbs in the perfect progressive tenses.

In the Past Tense
  • He had been writing.
  • (past perfect progressive tense)
  • They had been filming.
  • (past perfect progressive tense)
In the Present Tense
  • She has been dancing.
  • (present perfect progressive tense)
  • They have been running.
  • (present perfect progressive tense)
In the Future Tense
  • He will have been flying.
  • (future perfect progressive tense)
  • They will have been acting.
  • (future perfect progressive tense)

Forming the Perfect Progressive Tenses

The perfect progressive tenses are formed using a form of the auxiliary verb "to have," "been," and the present participle. For example:

Forming the Past Perfect Progressive Tense

"had"
+
"been"
+
[present participle]
  • They had been meeting.


Forming the Present Perfect Progressive Tense

"has" or "have"
+
"been"
+
[present participle]
  • He has been swimming.
  • They have been playing.


Forming the Future Perfect Progressive Tense

"will have"
+
"been"
+
[present participle]
  • They will have been plotting.

Verb Tenses Showing the Perfect Progressive Tenses

Here are the 12 tenses again. This time, the tenses are ordered under the headings past tense, present tense, and future tense. The perfect progressive tenses are shaded in yellow.
The 4 Past Tenses Example
simple past tense I went
past progressive tense I was going
past perfect tense I had gone
past perfect progressive tense I had been going
The 4 Present Tenses Example
simple present tense I go
present progressive tense I am going
present perfect tense I have gone
present perfect progressive tense I have been going
The 4 Future Tenses Example
simple future tense I will go
future progressive tense I will be going
future perfect tense I will have gone
future perfect progressive tense I will have been going

Verb Tense Widget

Use this widget to learn about the different tenses. How do you use this widget? Well, if there's a button, a drop-down menu, or a , then you can click it!
to base form

( verb)

Select the tenses.

Present Tenses

Simple Present Tense The simple present tense is mostly used to describe facts and habits. More...(opens new tab) I base form you base form he/she/it 3rd pers sing present we base form you base form they base form Present Progressive Tense The present progressive tense is used for an ongoing action in the present. More...(opens new tab) I am present participle you are present participle he/she/it is present participle we are present participle you are present participle they are present participle Present Perfect Tense The present perfect tense is used for actions that began in the past. (Often, the actions continue into the present.) More...(opens new tab) I have past participle you have past participle he/she/it has past participle we have past participle you have past participle they have past participle Present Perfect Progressive Tense The present perfect progressive tense is used for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present, or a continuous activity that began in past but has now finished (usually very recently). More...(opens new tab) I have been present participle you have been present participle he/she/it has been present participle we have been present participle you have been present participle they have been present participle

Past Tenses

Simple Past The simple past tense is used to describe a completed activity that happened in the past. More...(opens new tab) I past tense you past tense he/she/it past tense we past tense you past tense they past tense Past Progressive Tense The past progressive tense is used to describe an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action. More...(opens new tab) I was present participle you were present participle he/she/it was present participle we were present participle you were present participle they were present participle Past Perfect Tense The past perfect tense is used to emphasize that an action was completed before another took place. More...(opens new tab) I had past participle you had past participle he/she/it had past participle we had past participle you had past participle they had past participle Past Perfect Progressive Tense The past perfect progressive tense is used to show that an ongoing action in the past has ended. More...(opens new tab) I had been present participle you had been present participle he/she/it had been present participle we had been present participle you had been present participle they had been present participle

Future Tenses

Simple Future The simple future tense is used for an action that will occur in the future. More...(opens new tab) I will base form you will base form he/she/it will base form we will base form you will base form they will base form Future Progressive Tense The future progressive tense is used for an ongoing action that will occur in the future. More...(opens new tab) I will be present participle you will be present participle he/she/it will be present participle we will be present participle you will be present participle they will be present participle Future Perfect Tense The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will have been completed at some point in the future. More...(opens new tab) I will have past participle you will have past participle he/she/it will have past participle we will have past participle you will have past participle they will have past participle Future Perfect Progressive Tense The future perfect progressive tense is used for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future. More...(opens new tab) I will have been present participle you will have been present participle he/she/it will have been present participle we will have been present participle you will have been present participle they will have been present participle

The Perfect Progressive Aspect

The term perfect progressive aspect is used to group all verbs (past, present, and future) in the perfect progressive tenses. (Remember that the aspect of a verb is determined by whether its action is ongoing or completed.)

Read more about aspect.

Why Should I Care about the Perfect Progressive Tenses?

If you're learning or teaching English, you must spend time learning the tenses because expressing when something occurs is a fundamental skill when communicating. Remember that tenses do not just state whether an action is a past, present, or future one. Tenses also state whether an action is habitual, completed, or ongoing. (These are called the aspects of the tenses.).

Here's a good tip to help you with mastering the tenses: Concentrate on the following:
  • The verb "to be" in all its forms (am, is, are, was, were, will be)
  • The verb "to have" in all its forms (has, have, had, will have)
  • Present participles, i.e., the "ing" form of verbs (e.g., dancing, knowing, eating)
  • Past participles (e.g., danced, known, eaten)
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See Also

What is verb tense? What is aspect? What is the perfect progressive aspect? What is the past perfect progressive tense? What is the present perfect progressive tense? What is the future perfect progressive tense? Glossary of grammatical terms