What Is a Passive Sentence? (with Examples)

What Is a Passive Sentence? (with Examples)

In a passive sentence, the subject does not perform the action in the sentence. In fact, the action is performed on it. For example:


More Examples of Passive Sentences

Here are some more examples of passive sentences:

Anita was driven to the theatre. (In this example, Anita did not perform the action of the verb to drive. The action was done to her. She was the recipient of the action.)

  • Nowadays, black kites are protected.
  • (The action is being done to the subject, black kites.)
  • The olives are stoned and crushed in this room.
  • (The action is being done to the subject, The olives.)

    With a Passive Sentence, Use By to Show the Actor

    In a passive sentence, the person or thing doing the action (the actor) is usually preceded by the word by. For example:
    • Anita was driven to the theatre by Carla.
    • Nowadays, black kites are protected by law.
    • The olives are stoned and crushed in this room by my son.
    The opposite of a passive sentence is an active sentence, in which the subject does perform the action of the verb.

    Some Interactive Examples

    Here are some interactive examples:

    • My cousin tackled the shoplifter.
    • Heidi smashed the vase.
    • Carl sounded the alarm in a panic.
    • Carl sounded the alarm due to the panic.

    See Also

    What is active voice? What is passive voice? What is an active sentence? What voice should I use? What are verbs? What is the subject of a sentence? Glossary of grammatical terms