Helping Verbs (with Examples)

What Are Helping Verbs? (with Examples)

A helping verb (which is also known as an auxiliary verb) sits before a main verb to help express the main verb's mood, tense, or voice.

Be, do, and have are the most common helping verbs. You will see them in these forms:

Be: am, is, are, was, were, being, been
Do: does, do, did
Have: has, have, had, having

Modal helping verbs (or modal auxiliary verbs as they are more commonly called) are also helping verbs. The modal auxiliary verbs are can, could, may, might, must, ought to, shall, should, will, and would. (These never change their forms.)

Examples of Helping Verbs

Here are some examples of helping verbs expressing tense (main verbs in bold):
  • She has been writing since breakfast.
  • They were waiting for a bus with a good-looking driver.
  • Johnathan will have sung by then.
Here are some examples of helping verbs expressing voice:
  • Your dinner has been given to the dog.
  • The phone will be connected tomorrow.
Here are some examples of helping verbs being used to express mood:
  • If she should arrive, ask her to stand at the back.
  • If he were to arrive in the next hour, they would still take the bet.

Helping Verbs and Verb Phrases

A verb phrase is made up of the helping verb(s) and the main verb. In the examples below, the verb phrase is shaded with main verb in bold:
  • They have been drinking since breakfast.
  • Lee is fishing for mackerel.
Be aware that any adverbs which appear alongside or inside the verb phrase are not part of the verb phrase. For example:
  • They have been drinking heavily since breakfast.
  • (The adverb heavily is not part of the verb phrase.)
  • Lee is definitely fishing for mackerel.
  • (The adverb definitely is not part of the verb phrase.)
Interactive Exercise
Here are three randomly selected questions from a larger exercise, which can be edited and printed to create exercise worksheets.

See Also

What is tense? What is mood? What is voice? What are adverbs? The difference between can and may Using shall and will Glossary of grammatical terms