What Is the Future Perfect Tense? (with Examples)
Future Perfect TenseThe future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will have been completed at some point in the future. For example:
- John will have baked a cake.
- They will have painted the fence.
- John will have baked a cake before you arrive.
- They will have painted the fence before I have a chance to speak to them.
A Video SummaryHere is a short video summarizing the future perfect tense:
Infographic for the Future Perfect TenseHere is an infographic explaining the future perfect tense:
Examples of the Future Perfect TenseHere are some examples of the future perfect tense (shaded):
- By the time you arrive, we will have finished the meal and the speeches. (Note: "By the time you arrive" identifies the point in the future.)
- I will have read every magazine in the waiting room before I see the dentist. (Note: The clause "before I see the dentist" identifies the point in the future.)
- I hope that, when I leave this planet, I will have touched a few people in a positive way. (Actor Will Rothhaar) (Note: The clause "when I leave this planet" identifies the point in the future.)
Forming the Future Perfect TenseThe future perfect tense is formed:
- I will have completed my assignment by 3 o'clock.
- After this event, Simon will have walked over 10,000 miles in those boots.
Forming the Past Participle (Regular Verbs)If it's a regular verb, the past participle is the same as the simple past tense. In other words, it is formed like this:
Add "ed" to most verbs:
- jump > jumped
- paint > painted
- chat > chatted
- stop > stopped
- sew > sewed
- play > played
- fix > fixed
- incur > incurred
- prefer > preferred
- open > opened
- enter > entered
- swallow > swallowed
- thrive > thrived
- guzzle > guzzled
- cry > cried
- fry > fried
Forming the Past Participle (Irregular Verbs)If it's an irregular verb, the "past participle" is formed in all sorts of different ways. Here are some examples:
- arise > arisen
- catch > caught
- choose > chosen
- know > known
Read more about irregular verbs (includes a list of the most common irregular verbs).
The Negative VersionIf you need the negative version, you can use the following construction:
"will not have"+
- By the time you arrive, we will not have finished the meal and the speeches.
- I will not have readevery magazine in the waiting room before I see the dentist.
The Question VersionIf you need to ask a question, you can use the following word order for a yes/no question:
- By the time you arrive, will we have finished the meal and the speeches?
- Will I have read every magazine in the waiting room before I see the dentist?
- Where will the guests have gathered by the time we arrive?
- When will I have done enough work to make her happy?
Verb Tense WidgetUse this widget to learn about the different tenses. How do you use this widget? Well, if there's a button, a drop-down menu, or a , then you can click it!
Other Future TensesThe future perfect tense is one of four future tenses. This table shows all four of the future tenses:
|The 4 Future Tenses||Example|
|simple future tense||I will go|
|future progressive tense||I will be going|
|future perfect tense||I will have gone|
|future perfect progressive||I will have been going|