What Is the Accusative Case? (with Examples)
Accusative CaseThe accusative case's main function is to show the direct object of a verb.
You can find the direct object by finding the verb and asking "what?" (or "whom?"). For example:
Examples of the Accusative CaseHere are some examples of the accusative case with an explanation of how to find the direct object:
- She stroked the cat. Step 1. Find the verb = "stroked"
- Barney will draw him tomorrow. Step 1. Find the verb = "will draw"
Step 2. Ask "What?" = "the cat"
Therefore, the direct object is the cat. The words the cat are in the accusative case. Luckily for us, nouns do not change their forms in the accusative case. Some pronouns do though.
Step 2. Ask "What?" = "him"
Therefore, the direct object is him. The pronoun him is in the accusative case. It has changed from he to him.
The Accusative Case Is the Objective CaseIn English, we use the term objective case for the accusative case and the dative case.
More Examples of the Accusative CaseHere are some more examples of nouns and pronouns as direct objects (i.e., in the accusative case):
- Anteaters prefer termites.
- Hollywood is a place where people from Iowa mistake each other for stars. (Fred Allen, 1894-1956)
- I had a monumental idea this morning, but I didn't like it. (Samuel Goldwyn, 1882-1974)
- Time flies like an arrow. Fruit flies like a banana. (Groucho Marx, 1890-1977) (This is an example of a pun. In the first sentence, flies is an intransitive verb (i.e., one that does not take a direct object), and like is a conjunction meaning as if. In the second sentence, flies is the subject, and like is a transitive verb (i.e., one that can take a direct object). In this case, the direct object is a banana. So, a banana is in the accusative case.)
- Give the large parcel to the lady next door. (In this example, we have a recipient of the direct object. The recipient is known as the indirect object. In a sentence, the indirect object is shown by the dative case. Again, this is a term you are more likely to encounter when studying a language other than English.)
Prepositions Can Take the Accusative CaseWhen studying other languages, you might also encounter a list of prepositions which take the accusative case. For example, in German, the following take the accusative case: bis, durch, entlang, für, gegen, ohne, and um.
In English, prepositions take the objective case. That's why we say with him (and not with he) and for whom (and not for who). In these two examples, the words him and whom are known as the object of a preposition.
Read more about the cases in English grammar.