English for Beginners

Lessons, Videos, Games, and Tests for English Learners

home resources for tutors of beginners' English


For absolute beginners of English, the following topics are essential as they form the foundation for further language learning:

Greetings and Introductions

  • Saying hello and goodbye
  • Introducing oneself and others

Numbers and Counting

  • Cardinal numbers (1, 2, 3…)
  • Ordinal numbers (1st, 2nd, 3rd…)

Basic Vocabulary

  • Common nouns (e.g., objects, animals, family members)
  • Common verbs (e.g., to be, to have, to do)

Colors and Shapes

  • Names of basic colors
  • Basic geometric shapes

Days of the Week and Months of the Year

  • Names of the days and months
  • Basic calendar vocabulary

Time and Daily Routines

  • Telling time (hours and minutes)
  • Describing daily activities

Simple Sentence Structure

  • Subject-verb-object order
  • Basic question formation

Food and Drink

  • Common food items and meals
  • Ordering food and drinks

Basic Directions and Locations

  • Giving and understanding directions
  • Vocabulary for places in a town or city

Weather and Seasons

  • Describing weather conditions
  • Vocabulary for different seasons and associated activities
These topics provide a strong starting point for beginners to build their English language skills. For beginners of English, mastering foundational grammar topics is crucial. Here are the top 10 grammar topics they should focus on:

Nouns and Pronouns

  • Types of nouns (common, proper)
  • Personal, possessive, and demonstrative pronouns


  • Definite article (the)
  • Indefinite articles (a, an)

Verbs and Verb Tenses

  • Present Simple tense
  • Past Simple tense
  • Basic introduction to auxiliary verbs (be, have, do)

Adjectives and Adverbs

  • Basic adjectives (color, size, shape)
  • Simple adverbs of manner, place, and time

Sentence Structure

  • Subject-verb-object (SVO) order
  • Forming simple and compound sentences


  • Common prepositions of place (in, on, at)
  • Prepositions of time (before, after, during)


  • Coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or)
  • Basic subordinating conjunctions (because, if, when)

Question Formation

  • Yes/no questions
  • Wh- questions (who, what, where, when, why, how)


  • Possessive adjectives (my, your, his, her, our, their)
  • Possessive nouns (apostrophe + s)


  • Regular plurals (adding -s or -es)
  • Common irregular plurals (child/children, man/men)
These grammar topics will help beginners form correct sentences and communicate effectively as they progress in learning English.

confirmatory test

This test is printable and sendable

green heart logo