English Vocabulary for Geography

Learn Land Masses and Water Bodies in English

This is a lesson to help you learn common geography-related words about land masses and water bodies in English. There are eight learning methods for you to work through, including five different games and three different types of flashcard. At the end, there are three example sentences for each word.

Vocabulary Games for

The games and flashcards are currently set to test the following [wait...] words:

Table of Contents

  • Match-the-Pairs Game
  • Memory Game
  • Basic Flash Cards
  • Spell-the-Word Game
  • Multi-Choice Test
  • Learn with Hangman!
  • "Sentence" Flash Cards
  • "Missing Word" Flash Cards
  • Example Sentences

Match-the-Pairs Game

Sets: getting ready...

Clicks: 0

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  • Your mission is to match each picture with the correct word in as few a clicks as possible.
  • There are three pictures in each set, and there are sets to complete.
  • Click on your first square to start. Good luck!
Ranking (Clicks)

Guru ()
Hero ()
Captain ()
Sergeant ()
Recruit ()

Memory Game

Pairs: getting ready...

Clicks: 0

getting ready...
  • Your mission is to pair pictures with their correct titles in as few a clicks as possible.
  • Click on a card to turn it. Next, try to find its partner by clicking on a second card. (If you fail to find a match with your second click, both cards will turn again.)
  • This is a memory game as well as a vocabulary-learning game.
  • Click on your first card to start. Good luck!
Ranking (Clicks)

Guru ()
Hero ()
Captain ()
Sergeant ()
Recruit ()

Basic Flash Cards

Spell-the-Word Game

Spell the word represented by the picture.

Multi-Choice Test

Select the correct word or picture.

Learn with Hangman!

Hangman is a classic word game. In this version, the hidden word is one of the words from the "geography" category. Choose your first letter to start.
  • Guess the hidden word by choosing one letter at a time.
  • If you guess a letter in the hidden word, then all is good.
  • If you guess a letter that is not in the hidden word, then the hangman starts to build the gallows.
  • If the gallows are completed, you lose.
  • Good luck!
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Create Your Own Version of This Game

Here is the word library for this game:

"Sentence" Flash Cards

Click on the box to see the word in a sentence.

"Missing Word" Flash Cards

Click on the box to see the missing word in a sentence.

Example Sentences

Here are 3 sentences for each of the following words from the "geography" category:
  • ocean, peninsula, pond, river, valley, volcano, waterfall, canal, canyon, cave, cliff, desert, dune, forest, glacier, gulf, hill, island, jungle, lake, marsh, mountain, oasis
ocean

ocean

  • The ocean is a vast body of saltwater that covers most of the Earth's surface.
  • We love visiting the beach to swim and play in the ocean.
  • Oceans are home to many different creatures, like dolphins and whales.
peninsula

peninsula

  • A peninsula is a piece of land that is almost entirely surrounded by water but connected to the mainland.
  • We explored a beautiful peninsula with sandy beaches on all sides.
  • Peninsulas often have diverse ecosystems due to their unique geography.
pond

pond

  • A pond is a small, still body of water, often found in parks or gardens.
  • We saw ducks swimming in the peaceful pond at the park.
  • Ponds are great habitats for frogs, turtles, and various aquatic plants.
river

river

  • A river is a flowing body of freshwater that moves continuously in one direction.
  • We went fishing by the river and caught some colorful fish.
  • Rivers are important for providing water to communities and supporting wildlife.
valley

valley

  • A valley is a low-lying area of land between two hills or mountains.
  • We hiked through a picturesque valley with lush greenery on both sides.
  • Valleys are often formed by the natural erosion of water and ice.
volcano

volcano

  • A volcano is a mountain that can erupt, spewing hot lava, ash, and gases.
  • We studied about famous volcanoes like Mount Vesuvius and Mount Fuji in school.
  • Volcanoes can create new landforms and islands when they erupt underwater.
waterfall

waterfall

  • A waterfall is a natural cascade of water that flows from a height.
  • We visited a beautiful waterfall and took photos of the rushing water.
  • Waterfalls are often found in mountainous areas and create stunning scenery.
canal

canal

  • A canal is an artificial waterway created for navigation, irrigation, or transportation.
  • We took a boat ride along the canal to explore the city's historic district.
  • Canals have been used for centuries to connect different bodies of water.
canyon

canyon

  • A canyon is a deep, narrow valley with steep sides, often carved by a river.
  • We marveled at the breathtaking views of the Grand Canyon during our trip.
  • Canyons can be hundreds or even thousands of feet deep and are natural wonders.
cave

cave

  • A cave is a hollow space or underground passage in the earth's surface.
  • We explored a dark cave with a guide and saw amazing stalactites and stalagmites.
  • Caves are often formed by the gradual dissolution of limestone by water.
cliff

cliff

  • A cliff is a high, steep rock face that often overlooks the sea or a valley.
  • We stood at the edge of the cliff and enjoyed the breathtaking view of the coastline.
  • Cliffs are popular spots for rock climbing and birdwatching.
desert

desert

  • A desert is a dry and arid region with little rainfall and sparse vegetation.
  • We visited the Sahara desert and experienced its vast sand dunes.
  • Deserts can be extremely hot during the day and very cold at night.
dune

dune

  • A dune is a hill or ridge of sand often found in deserts and along coastlines.
  • We climbed to the top of a sandy dune and enjoyed sliding down its slopes.
  • Dunes can change shape and move over time due to wind and erosion.
forest

forest

  • A forest is a large area covered with trees, plants, and wildlife.
  • We went for a hike in the peaceful forest and listened to the sounds of birds.
  • Forests provide oxygen, habitat for animals, and are vital for our planet's health.
glacier

glacier

  • A glacier is a massive sheet of ice that moves slowly over land.
  • We visited a beautiful glacier and saw its stunning blue ice formations.
  • Glaciers can shape landscapes and create fjords and valleys.
gulf

gulf

  • A gulf is a large body of water partially enclosed by land.
  • We took a boat trip on the gulf and spotted dolphins swimming alongside us.
  • Gulfs can have unique ecosystems and support diverse marine life.
hill

hill

  • A hill is a raised area of land that is lower and smaller than a mountain.
  • We climbed to the top of the hill to watch the sunset.
  • Hills are great places for picnics and enjoying panoramic views.
island

island

  • An island is a piece of land surrounded by water on all sides.
  • We took a ferry to visit an island with beautiful beaches and palm trees.
  • Islands can have unique ecosystems and are often popular tourist destinations.
jungle

jungle

  • A jungle is a dense and tropical forest with abundant plant and animal life.
  • We went on an adventure in the lush jungle and saw colorful birds and exotic flowers.
  • Jungles are known for their biodiversity and are home to many species of wildlife.
lake

lake

  • A lake is a large body of freshwater surrounded by land.
  • We enjoyed a day of swimming and boating at the serene lake in the mountains.
  • Lakes can be teeming with fish and are great for outdoor activities.
marsh

marsh

  • A marsh is a wetland area with tall grasses and waterlogged soil.
  • We spotted ducks and frogs in the peaceful marsh while on a nature walk.
  • Marshes play a vital role in supporting diverse bird species and other wildlife.
mountain

mountain

  • A mountain is a large landform that rises high above its surroundings, often covered in snow.
  • We hiked to the summit of the mountain and enjoyed breathtaking views of the landscape.
  • Mountains are known for their majestic beauty and challenging hiking trails.
oasis

oasis

  • An oasis is a fertile area in the desert with water sources that support plant and animal life.
  • We found a beautiful oasis with palm trees and a refreshing spring in the arid desert.
  • Oases have been important resting places for travelers in desert regions.
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This page was written by Craig Shrives.