How to Conjugate "Sing" in English

by Craig Shrives

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Conjugation of "To Sing"

The verb "sing" is an irregular verb. (This means that "sing" does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form.)

The Five Forms of "To Sing"

FormsingAlternative Name
Base FormsingInfinitive Form
The -S FormsingsThird Person Singular Form
Past FormsangSimple Past Tense
The -ING FormsingingPresent Participle Form
The Past Participle Formsung[no alternative name]

"To Sing" in All the Tenses

The tables below show how "sing" conjugates in the past, present, and future tenses.

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • sang
  • sang
  • sang
  • sang
  • sang
  • sang
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was singing
  • were singing
  • was singing
  • were singing
  • were singing
  • were singing
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had sung
  • had sung
  • had sung
  • had sung
  • had sung
  • had sung
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been singing
  • had been singing
  • had been singing
  • had been singing
  • had been singing
  • had been singing
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • sing
  • sing
  • sings
  • sing
  • sing
  • sing
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am singing
  • are singing
  • is singing
  • are singing
  • are singing
  • are singing
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have sung
  • have sung
  • has sung
  • have sung
  • have sung
  • have sung
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been singing
  • have been singing
  • has been singing
  • have been singing
  • have been singing
  • have been singing
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will sing
  • will sing
  • will sing
  • will sing
  • will sing
  • will sing
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be singing
  • will be singing
  • will be singing
  • will be singing
  • will be singing
  • will be singing
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have sung
  • will have sung
  • will have sung
  • will have sung
  • will have sung
  • will have sung
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been singing
  • will have been singing
  • will have been singing
  • will have been singing
  • will have been singing
  • will have been singing
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

Most Common Irregular Verbs

The two most common irregular verbs in English are "be" and "have." These pages give more details about these two verbs: Here are the next 10 most common irregular verbs in English:

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See Also

Parts of Speech Lists 200 Important Irregular Verbs

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