How to Conjugate Shut

by Craig Shrives

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Shut in the Different Tenses

The verb "shut" is an irregular verb. (This means that "shut" does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form.)

The Five Forms of Shut

FormshutAlternative Name
Base FormshutInfinitive Form
The -S FormshutsThird Person Singular Form
Past FormshutSimple Past Tense
The -ING FormshuttingPresent Participle Form
The Past Participle Formshut[no alternative name]

Conjugating Shut

The tables below show how "shut" conjugates in the past, present, and future tenses.

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • shut
  • shut
  • shut
  • shut
  • shut
  • shut
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was shutting
  • were shutting
  • was shutting
  • were shutting
  • were shutting
  • were shutting
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had shut
  • had shut
  • had shut
  • had shut
  • had shut
  • had shut
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been shutting
  • had been shutting
  • had been shutting
  • had been shutting
  • had been shutting
  • had been shutting
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • shut
  • shut
  • shuts
  • shut
  • shut
  • shut
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am shutting
  • are shutting
  • is shutting
  • are shutting
  • are shutting
  • are shutting
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have shut
  • have shut
  • has shut
  • have shut
  • have shut
  • have shut
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been shutting
  • have been shutting
  • has been shutting
  • have been shutting
  • have been shutting
  • have been shutting
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will shut
  • will shut
  • will shut
  • will shut
  • will shut
  • will shut
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be shutting
  • will be shutting
  • will be shutting
  • will be shutting
  • will be shutting
  • will be shutting
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have shut
  • will have shut
  • will have shut
  • will have shut
  • will have shut
  • will have shut
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been shutting
  • will have been shutting
  • will have been shutting
  • will have been shutting
  • will have been shutting
  • will have been shutting
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

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See Also

Parts of Speech Lists 200 Important Irregular Verbs

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