How to Conjugate Lie

by Craig Shrives

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Lie in the Different Tenses

The verb "lie" is an irregular verb. (This means that "lie" does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form.)

The Five Forms of Lie

FormlieAlternative Name
Base FormlieInfinitive Form
The -S FormliesThird Person Singular Form
Past FormlaySimple Past Tense
The -ING FormlyingPresent Participle Form
The Past Participle Formlain[no alternative name]

Conjugating Lie

The tables below show how "lie" conjugates in the past, present, and future tenses.

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • lay
  • lay
  • lay
  • lay
  • lay
  • lay
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was lying
  • were lying
  • was lying
  • were lying
  • were lying
  • were lying
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had lain
  • had lain
  • had lain
  • had lain
  • had lain
  • had lain
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been lying
  • had been lying
  • had been lying
  • had been lying
  • had been lying
  • had been lying
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • lie
  • lie
  • lies
  • lie
  • lie
  • lie
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am lying
  • are lying
  • is lying
  • are lying
  • are lying
  • are lying
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have lain
  • have lain
  • has lain
  • have lain
  • have lain
  • have lain
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been lying
  • have been lying
  • has been lying
  • have been lying
  • have been lying
  • have been lying
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will lie
  • will lie
  • will lie
  • will lie
  • will lie
  • will lie
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be lying
  • will be lying
  • will be lying
  • will be lying
  • will be lying
  • will be lying
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have lain
  • will have lain
  • will have lain
  • will have lain
  • will have lain
  • will have lain
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been lying
  • will have been lying
  • will have been lying
  • will have been lying
  • will have been lying
  • will have been lying
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

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See Also

Parts of Speech Lists 200 Important Irregular Verbs

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