How to Conjugate "Hurt" in English

by Craig Shrives

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Conjugation of "To Hurt"

The verb "hurt" is an irregular verb. (This means that "hurt" does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form.)

The Five Forms of "To Hurt"

FormhurtAlternative Name
Base FormhurtInfinitive Form
The -S FormhurtsThird Person Singular Form
Past FormhurtSimple Past Tense
The -ING FormhurtingPresent Participle Form
The Past Participle Formhurt[no alternative name]

"To Hurt" in All the Tenses

The tables below show how "hurt" conjugates in the past, present, and future tenses.

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • hurt
  • hurt
  • hurt
  • hurt
  • hurt
  • hurt
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was hurting
  • were hurting
  • was hurting
  • were hurting
  • were hurting
  • were hurting
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had hurt
  • had hurt
  • had hurt
  • had hurt
  • had hurt
  • had hurt
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been hurting
  • had been hurting
  • had been hurting
  • had been hurting
  • had been hurting
  • had been hurting
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • hurt
  • hurt
  • hurts
  • hurt
  • hurt
  • hurt
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am hurting
  • are hurting
  • is hurting
  • are hurting
  • are hurting
  • are hurting
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have hurt
  • have hurt
  • has hurt
  • have hurt
  • have hurt
  • have hurt
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been hurting
  • have been hurting
  • has been hurting
  • have been hurting
  • have been hurting
  • have been hurting
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will hurt
  • will hurt
  • will hurt
  • will hurt
  • will hurt
  • will hurt
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be hurting
  • will be hurting
  • will be hurting
  • will be hurting
  • will be hurting
  • will be hurting
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have hurt
  • will have hurt
  • will have hurt
  • will have hurt
  • will have hurt
  • will have hurt
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been hurting
  • will have been hurting
  • will have been hurting
  • will have been hurting
  • will have been hurting
  • will have been hurting
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

Most Common Irregular Verbs

The two most common irregular verbs in English are "be" and "have." These pages give more details about these two verbs: Here are the next 10 most common irregular verbs in English:

Most Common Irregular Verbs

The two most common irregular verbs in English are "be" and "have." These pages give more details about these two verbs: Here are the next 10 most common irregular verbs in English:

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See Also

Parts of Speech Lists 200 Important Irregular Verbs

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