How to Conjugate "Eat" in English

by Craig Shrives

This Page Includes...

Conjugation of "To Eat"

The verb "eat" is an irregular verb. (This means that "eat" does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form.)

The Five Forms of "To Eat"

FormeatAlternative Name
Base FormeatInfinitive Form
The -S FormeatsThird Person Singular Form
Past FormateSimple Past Tense
The -ING FormeatingPresent Participle Form
The Past Participle Formeaten[no alternative name]

"To Eat" in All the Tenses

The tables below show how "eat" conjugates in the past, present, and future tenses.

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • ate
  • ate
  • ate
  • ate
  • ate
  • ate
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was eating
  • were eating
  • was eating
  • were eating
  • were eating
  • were eating
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had eaten
  • had eaten
  • had eaten
  • had eaten
  • had eaten
  • had eaten
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been eating
  • had been eating
  • had been eating
  • had been eating
  • had been eating
  • had been eating
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • eat
  • eat
  • eats
  • eat
  • eat
  • eat
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am eating
  • are eating
  • is eating
  • are eating
  • are eating
  • are eating
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have eaten
  • have eaten
  • has eaten
  • have eaten
  • have eaten
  • have eaten
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been eating
  • have been eating
  • has been eating
  • have been eating
  • have been eating
  • have been eating
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will eat
  • will eat
  • will eat
  • will eat
  • will eat
  • will eat
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be eating
  • will be eating
  • will be eating
  • will be eating
  • will be eating
  • will be eating
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have eaten
  • will have eaten
  • will have eaten
  • will have eaten
  • will have eaten
  • will have eaten
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been eating
  • will have been eating
  • will have been eating
  • will have been eating
  • will have been eating
  • will have been eating
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

Most Common Irregular Verbs

The two most common irregular verbs in English are "be" and "have." These pages give more details about these two verbs: Here are the next 10 most common irregular verbs in English:

Most Common Irregular Verbs

The two most common irregular verbs in English are "be" and "have." These pages give more details about these two verbs: Here are the next 10 most common irregular verbs in English:

Help Us To Improve Grammar Monster

  • Do you disagree with something on this page?
  • Did you spot a typo?
Next lesson >

See Also

Parts of Speech Lists 200 Important Irregular Verbs

Page URL