List of Irregular Verbs

by Craig Shrives

This Page Includes...

Most Common Irregular Verbs

An irregular verb is one that does not form its simple past tense or its past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d" to the base form. Irregular verbs contrast with regular verbs, which form the simple past tense and past participle by adding "-ed" or "-d."

Here are the top three irregular verbs in English:
  • to be (past tense: was/were; past participle: been)
  • to have (past tense: had; past participle: had)
  • to do (past tense: did; past participle: done)
  • (These are special verbs because they can function as main verbs or auxiliary verbs.)
Here are the 10 most common normal irregular verbs:
  • see (past tense: saw; past participle: seen)
  • say (past tense: said; past participle: said)
  • go (past tense: went; past participle: gone)
  • come (past tense: came; past participle: come)
  • know (past tense: knew; past participle: known)
  • get (past tense: got; past participle: got/gotten)
  • give (past tense: gave; past participle: given)
  • become (past tense: became; past participle: become)
  • find (past tense: found; past participle: found)
  • think (past tense: thought; past participle: thought)
top 10 irregular verbs in English

200 More Irregular Verbs

Here is a list of 200 irregular verbs for English learners. Click on a verb to see its conjugation.
Base FormSimple PastPast Participle3rd Person SingularPresent Participle
abideabode
(also abided)
abode
(also abided)
abidesabiding
alightalit
(also alighted)
alit
(also alighted)
alightsalighting
arisearosearisenarisesarising
awakeawokeawokenawakesawaking
bewas
(also were)
beenisbeing
bearboreborn
(also borne)
bearsbearing
beatbeatbeatenbeatsbeating
becomebecamebecomebecomesbecoming
beginbeganbegunbeginsbeginning
beholdbeheldbeheldbeholdsbeholding
bendbentbentbendsbending
betbetbetbetsbetting
bidbidbidbidsbidding
bidbadebiddenbidsbidding
bindboundboundbindsbinding
bitebitbittenbitesbiting
bleedbledbledbleedsbleeding
blowblewblownblowsblowing
breakbrokebrokenbreaksbreaking
breedbredbredbreedsbreeding
bringbroughtbroughtbringsbringing
broadcastbroadcast
(also broadcasted)
broadcast
(also broadcasted)
broadcastsbroadcasting
buildbuiltbuiltbuildsbuilding
burnburnt
(also burned)
burnt
(also burned)
burnsburning
burstburstburstburstsbursting
bustbustbustbustsbusting
buyboughtboughtbuysbuying
castcastcastcastscasting
catchcaughtcaughtcatchescatching
choosechosechosenchooseschoosing
clapclapped
(also clapt)
clapped
(also clapt)
clapsclapping
clingclungclungclingsclinging
clotheclad
(also clothed)
clad
(also clothed)
clothesclothing
comecamecomecomescoming
costcostcostcostscosting
creepcreptcreptcreepscreeping
cutcutcutcutscutting
daredared
(also durst)
dareddaresdaring
dealdealtdealtdealsdealing
digdugdugdigsdigging
divedived
(also dove)
diveddivesdiving
dodiddonedoesdoing
drawdrewdrawndrawsdrawing
dreamdreamt
(also dreamed)
dreamt
(also dreamed)
dreamsdreaming
drinkdrankdrunkdrinksdrinking
drivedrovedrivendrivesdriving
dwelldweltdweltdwellsdwelling
eatateeateneatseating
fallfellfallenfallsfalling
feedfedfedfeedsfeeding
feelfeltfeltfeelsfeeling
fightfoughtfoughtfightsfighting
findfoundfoundfindsfinding
fitfit
(also fitted)
fit
(also fitted)
fitsfitting
fleefledfledfleesfleeing
flingflungflungflingsflinging
flyflewflownfliesflying
forbidforbade
(also forbad)
forbiddenforbidsforbidding
forecastforecast
(also forecasted)
forecast
(also forecasted)
forecastsforecasting
foreseeforesawforeseenforeseesforeseeing
foretellforetoldforetoldforetellsforetelling
forgetforgotforgottenforgetsforegetting
forgiveforgaveforgivenforgivesforgiving
forsakeforsookforsakenforsakesforsaking
freezefrozefrozenfreezesfreezing
frostbitefrostbitfrostbittenfrostbitesfrostbiting
getgotgot
(also gotten)
getsgetting
givegavegivengivesgiving
gowentgone
(also been)
goesgoing
grindgroundgroundgrindsgrinding
growgrewgrowngrowsgrowing
handwritehandwrotehandwrittenhandwriteshandwriting
hanghung
(also hanged)
hung
(also hanged)
hangshanging
havehadhadhashaving
hearheardheardhearshearing
hidehidhiddenhideshiding
hithithithitshitting
holdheldheldholdsholding
hurthurthurthurtshurting
inlayinlaidinlaidinlaysinlaying
inputinput
(also inputted)
input
(also inputted)
inputsinputting
interlayinterlaidinterlaidinterlaysinterlaying
keepkeptkeptkeepskeeping
kneelknelt
(also kneeled)
knelt
(also kneeled)
kneelskneeling
knitknit
(also knitted)
knit
(also knitted)
knitsknitting
knowknewknownknowsknowing
laylaidlaidlayslaying
leadledledleadsleading
leanleant
(also leaned)
leant
(also leaned)
leansleaning
leapleapt
(also leaped)
leapt
(also leaped)
leapsleaping
learnlearnt
(also learned)
learnt
(also learned)
learnslearning
leaveleftleftleavesleaving
lendlentlentlendslending
letletletletsletting
lielaylainlieslying
lightlitlitlightslighting
loselostlostloseslosing
makemademademakesmaking
meanmeantmeantmeansmeaning
meetmetmetmeetsmeeting
meltmeltedmolten
(also melted)
meltsmelting
misleadmisledmisledmisleadsmisleading
mistakemistookmistakenmistakesmistaking
misunderstandmisunderstoodmisunderstoodmisunderstandsmisunderstanding
mowmowedmownmowsmowing
overhearoverheardoverheardoverhearsoverhearing
overtakeovertookovertakenovertakesovertaking
paypaidpaidpayspaying
presetpresetpresetpresetspresetting
proveprovedproven
(also proved)
provesproving
putputputputsputting
quitquitquitquitsquitting
readreadreadreadsreading
ridrid
(also ridded)
rid
(also ridded)
ridsridding
rideroderiddenridesriding
ringrangrungringsringing
riseroserisenrisesrising
riverivedriven
(also rived)
rivesriving
runranrunrunsrunning
sawsawedsawn
(also sawed)
sawssawing
saysaidsaidsayssaying
seesawseenseesseeing
seeksoughtsoughtseeksseeking
sellsoldsoldsellsselling
sendsentsentsendssending
setsetsetsetssetting
sewsewedsewn
(also sewed)
sewssewing
shakeshookshakenshakesshaking
shaveshavedshaven
(also shaved)
shavesshaving
shearshore
(also sheared)
shorn
(also sheared)
shearsshearing
shedshedshedshedsshedding
shineshoneshoneshinesshining
shoeshodshodshoesshoeing
shootshotshotshootsshooting
showshowedshownshowsshowing
shrinkshrankshrunkshrinksshrinking
shutshutshutshutsshutting
singsangsungsingssinging
sinksanksunksinkssinking
sitsatsatsitssitting
slayslewslainslaysslaying
sleepsleptsleptsleepssleeping
slideslidslid
(also slidden)
slidessliding
slingslungslungslingsslinging
slinkslunkslunkslinksslinking
slitslitslitslitsslitting
smellsmelt
(also smelled)
smelt
(also smelled)
smellssmelling
sneaksneaked
(also snuck)
sneaked
(also snuck)
sneakssneaking
sowsowedsownsowssowing
speakspokespokenspeaksspeaking
speedsped
(also speeded)
sped
(also speeded)
speedsspeeding
spellspelt
(also spelled)
spelt
(also spelled)
spellsspelling
spendspentspentspendsspending
spillspilt
(also spilled)
spilt
(also spilled)
spillsspilling
spinspan
(also spun)
spunspinsspinning
spitspat
(also spit)
spat
(also spit)
spitsspitting
splitsplitsplitsplitssplitting
spoilspoilt
(also spoiled)
spoilt
(also spoiled)
spoilsspoiling
spreadspreadspreadspreadsspreading
springsprangsprungspringsspringing
standstoodstoodstandsstanding
stealstolestolenstealsstealing
stickstuckstuckstickssticking
stingstungstungstingsstinging
stinkstankstunkstinksstinking
stridestrode
(also strided)
striddenstridesstriding
strikestruckstruck
(also stricken)
strikesstriking
stringstrungstrungstringsstringing
stripstript
(also stripped)
stript
(also stripped)
stripsstripping
strivestrovestrivenstrivesstriving
subletsubletsubletsubletssubletting
sunburnsunburned
(also sunburnt)
sunburned
(also sunburnt)
sunburnssunburning
swearsworeswornswearsswearing
sweatsweat
(also sweated)
sweat
(also sweated)
sweatssweating
sweepswept
(also sweeped)
swept
(also sweeped)
sweepssweeping
swellswelledswollenswellsswelling
swimswamswumswimsswimming
swingswungswungswingsswinging
taketooktakentakestaking
teachtaughttaughtteachesteaching
teartoretorntearstearing
telltoldtoldtellstelling
thinkthoughtthoughtthinksthinking
thrivethrove
(also thrived)
thriven
(also thrived)
thrivesthriving
throwthrewthrownthrowsthrowing
thrustthrustthrustthruststhrusting
treadtrodtroddentreadstreading
undergounderwentundergoneundergoesundergoing
understandunderstoodunderstoodunderstandsunderstanding
undertakeundertookundertakenundertakesundertaking
upsetupsetupsetupsetsupsetting
wakewokewokenwakeswaking
wearworewornwearswearing
weavewovewovenweavesweaving
wedwed
(also wedded)
wed
(also wedded)
wedswedding
weepweptweptweepsweeping
wendwended
(also went)
wended
(also went)
wendswending
wetwet
(also wetted)
wet
(also wetted)
wetswetting
winwonwonwinswinning
windwoundwoundwindswinding
withdrawwithdrewwithdrawnwithdrawswithdrawing
withholdwithheldwithheldwithholdswithholding
withstandwithstoodwithstoodwithstandswithstanding
wringwrungwrungwringswringing
writewrotewrittenwriteswriting

Past Tenses

PersonSimple PastPast Progressive TensePast Perfect TensePast Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • past tense
  • past tense
  • past tense
  • past tense
  • past tense
  • past tense
The simple past tense is for a completed activity that happened in the past.
  • was present participle
  • were present participle
  • was present participle
  • were present participle
  • were present participle
  • were present participle
The past progressive tense is for an ongoing activity in the past. Often, it is used to set the scene for another action.
  • had past participle
  • had past participle
  • had past participle
  • had past participle
  • had past participle
  • had past participle
The past perfect tense is for emphasizing that an action was completed before another took place.
  • had been present participle
  • had been present participle
  • had been present participle
  • had been present participle
  • had been present participle
  • had been present participle
The past perfect progressive tense is for showing that an ongoing action in the past has ended.

Present Tenses

PersonSimple PresentPresent Progressive TensePresent Perfect TensePresent Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • base form
  • base form
  • 3rd pers sing present
  • base form
  • base form
  • base form
The simple present tense is mostly for a fact or a habit.
  • am present participle
  • are present participle
  • is present participle
  • are present participle
  • are present participle
  • are present participle
The present progressive tense is for an ongoing action in the present.
  • have past participle
  • have past participle
  • has past participle
  • have past participle
  • have past participle
  • have past participle
The present perfect tense is for an action that began in the past. (Often, the action continues into the present.)
  • have been present participle
  • have been present participle
  • has been present participle
  • have been present participle
  • have been present participle
  • have been present participle
The present perfect progressive tense is for a continuous activity that began in the past and continues into the present (or finished very recently).

Future Tenses

PersonSimple FutureFuture Progressive TenseFuture Perfect TenseFuture Perfect Progressive Tense
  • I
  • you
  • he/she/it
  • we
  • you
  • they
  • will base form
  • will base form
  • will base form
  • will base form
  • will base form
  • will base form
The simple future tense is for an action that will occur in the future.
  • will be present participle
  • will be present participle
  • will be present participle
  • will be present participle
  • will be present participle
  • will be present participle
The future progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.
  • will have past participle
  • will have past participle
  • will have past participle
  • will have past participle
  • will have past participle
  • will have past participle
The future perfect tense is for an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.
  • will have been present participle
  • will have been present participle
  • will have been present participle
  • will have been present participle
  • will have been present participle
  • will have been present participle
The future perfect progressive tense is for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.

Infographic for Regular and Irregular Verbs

Don't forget that irregular verbs are verbs whose past forms are not the base form + "ed" or "d."
list of irregular verbs
Read more about irregular verbs.

Irregular Verb Pages

Here are links to the pages for the irregular verbs mentioned. Each page has more information about the verb as well as a test.

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See Also

top 10 irregular verbs top 10 regular verbs List of 130 regular verbs Irregular Verbs ESL Vocabulary Lessons Parts of Speech Lists

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