Verbs describing actions in the present are said to be in the present tense. The simple present tense is quite easy to form (see spelling rules on the right), but it's not simple at all. In fact, it's quite complicated. The simple present tense is used:
(1) To describe facts and habits:
(NB: These activities do not have to be happening right now.)
This type of sentence, especially if it's describing a habit, will usually include a time expression like always, every year, never, often, on Mondays, rarely, sometimes or usually.
(2) To describe scheduled events in the future
(Yep, I know! It's supposed to be the present tense!)
(3) To tell stories (particularly jokes) to make your listener or reader feel more engaged with the story.
(This is sometimes called the fictional present or the historic present.)
The Negative VersionTo create a negative sentence, use "do not" + [base form of the verb]. (Use "does not" with third person singular (he / she / it).)
In speech and writing (especially informal writing), "do not" is often shortened to "don't", and "does not" is often shortened to "doesn't". If you want to add some emphasis, use one of the long versions (i.e. "do not" or "does not"), and emphasise the word "not".
The Question Version
The simple present tense is one of four present tenses. They are:
Forming the Simple Present TenseThe simple present tense is quite easy to form. Let's take the verb to run (whose base form is "run"). In the simple present tense, "run" looks like this:
In other words, it only changes in the third person singular (he / she / it). It adds either s, es or ies.
The Spelling RulesFor regular verbs, just add s:
For verbs that end in s, ss, sh, ch, x and o, add es:
For verbs ending [consonant]y, change the y to i and add es:
Click on the one with an example of the simple present tense: