Present perfect progressive tense
Simple future tense
Future progressive tense
Future perfect tense
Future perfect progressive tense
Forming the Present Perfect TenseThe present perfect tense is formed: "has" or "have" + [the past participle]. For example:
Forming the Past Participle (Regular Verbs)If it's a regular verb, the past participle is the same as the simple past tense. In other words, it is formed like this:
Add "ed" to most verbs:
If a verb of one syllable ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], double the final consonant and add "ed":
If the final consonant is w, x or y, don't double it:
If last syllable of a longer verb is stressed and ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], double the last consonant and add "ed":
If the first syllable of a longer verb is stressed and the verb ends [consonant-vowel-consonant], just add "ed":
If the verb ends "e", just add "d":
If the verb ends [consonant + "y"], change the "y" to an "i" and add "ed":
Forming the Past Participle (Irregular Verbs)If it's an irregular verb, the past participle is formed in all sorts of different ways. Here are some examples:
You just have to learn them.
Click here for a list of the most common irregular verbs.
Click on the one with an example of the present perfect tense. Remember, you're looking for "has" or "have" + [past participle].