Definition of Preposition (with Examples)Prepositions are usually short words (e.g., on, in, at, about, for). Prepositions are placed before a noun to show that noun's relationship to something else in the sentence. For example:
- The mouse is on the table. (The preposition on shows the relationship between table and mouse.)
- It is a knife for butter. (The preposition for shows the relationship between butter and knife.)
- It is a tray for appliances. (In this example, appliances is the object of the preposition for. The preposition shows the relationship between applications and a tray.)
- The harrier hovered over the field. (In this example, the field is the object of the preposition over. The preposition shows the relationship between the field and the Harrier.)
A List of Common PrepositionsHere is a list of common prepositions:
about, above, across, after, along, among, around, as, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, by, except, for, from, in, in front of, inside, into, of, off, on, onto, out of, outside, over, past, since, through, to, toward, under, up, upon, with, within, without.
Take a longer test on prepositions.
The object of a preposition is always in the objective case. Therefore, who never follows a preposition. You must use whom after a preposition.
- You're pregnant by who?
The word preposition means positioned before. A preposition is positioned before a noun to show that noun's relationship with another noun in the sentence. As prepositions are designed to sit before nouns, lots of people do not like it when nothing follows a preposition. For this reason, many people do not like it when a preposition ends a sentence.
Nowadays, it is a little outdated to state that a sentence cannot end in a preposition. However, as lots of your readers might not like it, it is best to avoid ending a sentence in a preposition.
- Which brush did you paint with? (This is not wrong, but some of your readers might not like it.)
- With which brush did you paint? (If this sounds too unnatural for you, use the version above or reword your sentence; e.g., Which brush did you use for painting?)