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What Is the Imperative Mood? (with Examples)
The imperative mood is a verb form which makes a command or a request. For example:
- Empty the bin, John.
(This is a verb in the imperative mood.)
- John empties the bin.
(This verb is not in the imperative mood. It is in the indicative mood.)
The main verb (i.e., the finite verb
) in an imperative sentence
will be in the imperative mood. In other words, it will be a command or a polite request.
Examples of Verbs in the Imperative Mood
Here are some more examples of verbs in the imperative mood (shaded):
- Get out!
- Stop the bleeding.
- I am going to cross the field. Shout when you see the bull.
(I am going is the indicative mood (i.e., just a statement). However, shout is in the imperative mood.)
What Is Mood?
is the form a verb
takes to show how it is to be regarded (e.g., as a fact, a command, a wish, an uncertainty).
There are three major moods in English:
- The Indicative Mood. This states facts or asks questions. For example:
- I am painting the fence.
- Are you painting the fence?
- The Imperative Mood. This expresses a command or a request. For example:
- Paint the fence!
- Please paint the fence.
- The Subjunctive Mood. This shows a wish or doubt. For example:
- I suggest that Mark paint the fence.
- I propose that Mark be made to paint the fence.
- If I were there, I would paint the fence.
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