What Is the Imperative Mood? (with Examples)

by Craig Shrives

Imperative Mood

The imperative mood is a verb form that gives a command. For example:
  • Empty the bin, John.
  • (This is a verb in the imperative mood.)
  • John empties the bin.
  • (This verb is not in the imperative mood. It is in the indicative mood.)
Commands can include orders, requests, advice, instructions, and warnings.

definition of imperative mood and examples

The main verb (i.e., the finite verb) in an imperative sentence (i.e., one that makes a command) is said to be in the "imperative mood."

Forming the Imperative Mood

In English, the imperative mood uses the bare infinitive form (i.e., the version without "to").

Example 1:
  • Infinitive form: to take
  • Bare infinitive form: to take
  • Verb in the imperative mood: Take a leaflet.
Example 2:
  • Infinitive form: to remind
  • Bare infinitive form: to remind
  • Verb in the imperative mood: Next time I see you, remind me not to talk to you. (Comedian Groucho Marx)
Example 3:
  • Infinitive form: to do
  • Bare infinitive form: to do
  • Verb in the imperative mood: If you've heard this story before, do not stop me, because I'd like to hear it again. (Groucho Marx)

Examples of Verbs in the Imperative Mood

Here are some more examples of verbs in the imperative mood (shaded):
  • Run!
  • Get out!
  • Stop the bleeding.
  • I am going to cross the field. Shout when you see the bull.
  • (I am going is the indicative mood (i.e., just a statement). However, shout is in the imperative mood.)

What Is Mood?

Mood is the form a verb takes to show how it is to be regarded (e.g., as a fact, a command, a wish, an uncertainty).

There are three major moods in English:
  • The Indicative Mood. This states facts or asks questions. For example:
    • I am painting the fence.
    • Are you painting the fence?
  • The Imperative Mood. This expresses a command or a request. For example:
    • Paint the fence!
    • Please paint the fence.
  • The Subjunctive Mood. This shows a wish or doubt. For example:
    • I suggest that Mark paint the fence.
    • I propose that Mark be made to paint the fence.
    • If I were there, I would paint the fence.

Why Should I Care about the Imperative Mood?

Forming verbs in the imperative mood causes native English speakers few mistakes. That said, here are two noteworthy points related to the imperative mood.

(Point 1) Don't use "myself" with a verb in the imperative mood.

This is a common mistake, especially in work emails.
  • Please contact your manager or myself with any suggestions.
  • (It should be "me" not "myself.")
The subject of a verb in the imperative mood is an implied "you" (either singular or plural). This means you can only pair your verb with "yourself" or "yourselves." You cannot pair your imperative verb with "myself."

Read more about misusing "myself" on the page about reflexive pronouns.

(Point 2) Exclamation marks are easily misinterpreted.

When writing a command, be mindful of how much force an exclamation mark adds and how that exclamation mark could be misinterpreted.
  • Pick me up at seven o'clock.
  • (This is neutral.)
  • Pick me up at seven o'clock!
  • (This is forceful. Does it mean "exactly seven o'clock" or does it mean "don't forget!")
Never use more than one exclamation mark! It's considered crass.

Read more about exclamation marks.
Interactive Exercise
Here are three randomly selected questions from a larger exercise, which can be edited, printed to create an exercise worksheet, or sent via email to friends or students.

See Also

What is mood? What are finite verbs? What is the indicative mood? What is the subjunctive mood? What is an interrogative sentence? What is an exclamatory sentence? What is an imperative sentence? What is a declarative sentence? Glossary of grammatical terms