An affix is added to the root of a word to change its meaning.
An affix added to the front of a word is known as a prefix. One added to added to the back is known as a suffix. Sometimes, prefixes are hyphenated.
Read more about hyphens in prefixes.
Examples of Affixes
Here are some examples of affixes:
Most Common Prefixes. The four most common prefixes are: dis-, in-, re-, and un-. These account for over 95% of prefixed words.
(The affix is the prefix in.)
(The affix is the prefix ex-.)
(The affix is the suffix ing.)
Most Common Suffixes. The four most common suffixes are: -ed, -ing, -ly, and -es. These account for over 95% of suffixed words.
A List of Common Prefixes
Here is a list of common prefixes with some examples:
|a-, an-||without||amoral, atypical |
|com-, con-||with||companion, contact|
|en-||put into||enclose, envelop|
|ex-||out of, former||extract, ex-governor|
|extra-||beyond, more than||extracurricular|
|homo-||same||homonym, homophone |
|il-, im-, in-, ir-||not, without||illegal, impractical, inconsiderate, irresponsible|
|inter-||between||internet, intersection, |
|non-||not, without||nonentity, nonstarter,|
|omni-||all, every||omnipresent, omniscient|
|pre-, pro-||before, forward||precede, project|
|tri-||three||tripod, triceratops |
|un-||not||undone, unfinished, |
A List of Common Suffixes
Here is a list of common suffixes with some examples:
|-able, -ible||can be done|| comfortable, passable|
|-al, -ial||having the characteristics of||personal|
|-ed||past-tense verbs (weak verbs)||danced, jumped|
|-en||made of||golden, wooden|
|-er, -or|| one who|| actor, narrator, worker|
|-ful||full or full of||cupful, careful|
|-ic||having characteristics of|| linguistic, sarcastic|
|-ing||verb form (present participle and gerund) ||dancing, singing |
|-ion, -tion, -ation, ition||act or process||attraction, attrition|
|-ity, -ty||state of||humility, infinity|
|-ive, -ative, itive||adjective form of a noun||expensive, plaintive|
|-less||without ||topless, fearless|
|-ly||adverb ending ||nicely, quickly|
|-ment||action or process ||enjoyment, entrenchment|
|-ness||state of, condition of ||eagerness, kindness|
|-ous, -eous, -ious|| possessing the qualities of||erroneous, joyous|
|-s, -es||plural||tables, foxes|
|-y||characterized by|| fatty, happy, jumpy|
Hyphens in prefixes
What are prefixes?
What are suffixes?
Glossary of grammatical terms