- Do you have many coins left? (Coins is a plural noun.)
- Do you have much money left? (Money is a singular noun.)
Much and ManyThe words much and many both mean a lot of. As a result, they are sometimes confused.
MuchThe word much is used with a singular noun. For example:
- How much money does one man need? (Money is a singular noun.)
- How much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood? (Wood is a singular noun.)
- People don't understand how much time and work it takes to make somebody laugh. (Marlon Wayans) (Time and work are both singular nouns.)
ManyThe word many is used with a plural noun. For example:
- It takes many good deeds to build a good reputation, and only one bad one to lose it. (Benjamin Franklin) (Deeds is a plural noun.)
- Many people limit themselves to what they think they can do. (Mary Kay Ash) (People is a plural noun.)
- A man can fail many times, but he isn't a failure until he begins to blame somebody else. (John Burroughs) (Times is a plural noun.)
Much and Many Tend to Be Used with Questions or Negative ClausesThe words much and many tend to be used in questions or negative clauses. For example:
- Will you need much help? (Question)
- You will not need much time. (Negative clause)
- How many cats are there? (Question)
- You do not have many positive traits. (Negative clause)
Much and Many in Positive ClausesWhen used in positive clauses, the words much and many tend to be used with terms like as, so, and too. For example:
- You have as many issues as I do.
- You have so many faults.
- You have too many problems to list.
- Please bring me as much cheese as you can carry.
- I have so much cheese.
- If you spend too much time thinking about a thing, you'll never get it done. (Bruce Lee)
- You have lots of issues.
- You have a lot of issues.
- That is lots of cheese.
- That is a lot of cheese.
When used to modify a noun, the words much and many are classifed as indefinite adjectives. Other common indefinite adjectives are each, any, few, most, several, and some.
Read more about indefinite adjectives.
LEARN ABOUT COUNTABLE AND NON-COUNTABLE NOUNS
Nouns with a plural form are called countable nouns. Therefore, many is used with countable nouns. Countable nouns contrast with non-countable nouns. Non-countable nouns do not have a plural form. Therefore, much is used with non-countable nouns.
Read more about countable nouns.
Read more about non-countable nouns.