E.g. means for example (from the Latin exempli gratia).|
I.e. means in other words or that is (from the Latin id est).
The Difference between e.g. and i.e.The abbreviations e.g. (from the Latin exempli gratia) and i.e. (from the Latin id est) are often confused. This is because they are both used to introduce some clarification of something previously mentioned.
e.g.The abbreviation e.g. is used to provide an example:
i.e.The abbreviation i.e. is used to restate an idea more clearly or offer more information.
Getting Them WrongOften mixing the abbreviations up does not mean your sentence is grammatically incorrect. However, getting them wrong will change the meaning of your sentence.
REMEMBERING WHICH IS WHICH
This may assist in remembering:
THE FORMAT WITH E.G. OR I.E.
There is a wide range of acceptable formats with e.g. and i.e.
Comma before e.g. or i.e.
COMMA AFTER E.G. OR I.E.
In the US, it is usual to follow e.g. or i.e. with a comma. It is less common in the UK. There is leniency in all conventions. The golden rule is: be consistent.
FULL STOPS (PERIODS ) OR NOT
It is usual to see full stops (periods) with e.g. and i.e. However, you can write them without. The golden rule is simply: be consistent.
DON'T USE ETC. AFTER E.G.
The examples you offer after using e.g. are usually samples from a more complete list. Therefore, it is often not appropriate to use etc. after e.g. since it is understood that you are only offering a partial list by way of example. In the example below, the etc. is redundant: