"In vivo" is a Latin term used in scientific and medical contexts. It translates to "within the living" and refers to experiments, observations, or processes that are conducted within a living organism, typically an animal or a human subject.
When research or testing is performed "in vivo," it means that it is being carried out within a living organism's natural biological system, rather than in a laboratory dish or simulated environment. This approach allows scientists to study the effects, behaviors, and responses of biological systems within their complex and dynamic contexts.
Examples in Sentences
Here are three example sentences demonstrating the usage of "in vivo":
The new drug candidate showed promising results in preliminary in vivo studies, demonstrating its effectiveness in live animal models.
Researchers are conducting in vivo experiments to investigate the physiological changes that occur during the sleep-wake cycle.
The study aims to understand the long-term effects of environmental pollutants in vivo by observing their impact on living organisms in their natural habitats.