"In vitro" is a Latin term used in scientific and medical contexts. It translates to "in glass" and refers to experiments, tests, or processes that are conducted outside of a living organism, typically in a controlled laboratory environment, such as a test tube or petri dish.
When research or testing is performed "in vitro," it means that it is being carried out using isolated cells, tissues, or biological components outside of their natural biological system. This approach allows scientists to study specific biological processes, interactions, or responses under controlled conditions.
Examples in Sentences
Here are three example sentences demonstrating the usage of "in vitro":
The researchers conducted in vitro experiments to examine the effects of the drug on cancer cells grown in a laboratory setting.
Before testing a new cosmetic product, safety evaluations are typically performed in vitro using skin cell cultures to assess potential irritations or allergic reactions.
Scientists are investigating the mechanisms of cell division in vitro to better understand the fundamental processes underlying cellular growth and reproduction.